Electric Power Systems Research, 2021
This paper presents a new methodology for Monte Carlo-based multi-area reliability assessment based on optimal Importance Sampling (IS), Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) and optimal stratification. The proposed methodology allows the representation of relevant features of variable renewable energy (VRE) resources such as intermittency, daily and seasonal variation and spatial correlation with other sources (e.g. correlation between wind and hydro). The effectiveness of the proposed methodology is illustrated with case studies based on the Saudi Arabia and Chilean systems, with speedups of 300 and 800 times compared with the standard Monte-Carlo simulation.